Sunday, 2 October 2016

My Memories

Here I publish a few of my blogs that I wrote in Wikinut, a freelance writers royalty blog. As they closed the Royalty Program, I herewith in belief that they will soon close the website as well, will like to have my writings published on this blog....Many are of my childhood essays and poems as well. Find them all in few posts and happy reading :-)!!! I authored under a nickname "Ecoplants"!

Post 1: What makes Indian women stand out amongst men from differing races?

Here in this article series you will find the secrets of this day women, who still keep to their lifestyle and culture, with no loss of their place in the hearts of men worldwide. This article will be coming out in series, with a time gap of once in two months, however older articles will receive updates every now and then! So please kindly keep visiting until the next post comes in!

Indian Women - Series 1: Hairstyles

Indian women have long been known as the heart throb of men worldwide. If I had to cite one example, no wonder, will be the Miss World crowned Ms Aishwarya Bacchan, who was stunningly dressed up to receive the applauds and commendations from the conductor of the show!

If there is one single reason I could state at this instance, I will immediately remember the gorgeous Hair and Hairstyles that Indian Women adore.

Indian women take real care of their hair. Most of them use a number of aromatic substances and natural conditioners to make their hair look strong and healthy. In fact, there is one infamous historical argument between two great Tamil poets of ancient time over the aroma from the hair of Indian women is innate or because of the substances that she uses to wash her hair.

Hairstyles by Indian women are well appreciated and is adopted by many women of Western Countries who love the natural black hair of Indian women, and I was no exceptional when I was in abroad!

If you would like to have a quick look at some of the adorable Indian hairstyles, watch this video that I adopted from somewhere in YouTube!

By Ecoplants, 24th Dec 2010.

Post 2: Learning To Control Your Anger - Anger Management For Real Anger And Not Induced Anger

This article discusses about identifying real anger out of frustration and failures that certain individuals show on someone whom they love. This is not discussing the anger that is induced by teasing and bullying, the notion behind this is to put you down.

Anger Management For Anger And Not You! 

Anger management is only successful if you could know and understand more about your “anger” and more about the types of anger that you are facing.

What is anger? 

Anger is something that results because of certain circumstantial emotional and physical changes, which is of natural occurrence or owing to others intruding behavior. This is a normal process, and you are a normal human being only if you get angry, as this is part of normal human evolution and adaptation. The science of anger is best explained with the increase in the surge of adrenaline results in fight and not flight.

While the cause of anger is resolved, the effect of the resentment remains, and has to be dealt appropriately. This has been attributed due to the surge of adrenaline and the related physical effects of the surge in energy are taken either on another person or on an object or to self-harm.

Consequences of Anger:

There are two consequences of anger:

a. You let your anger go off a free hand that will result either in uncontrolled verbal abuse or in physical abuse. This is the instance that the opponent or the cause of anger might also be in the same physical and emotional state, though you may be on the right side of judgment.
b. Another possibility is to suppress the energy until you are angry next time and this can result in pent up emotions, which will increase the surge of adrenaline, and will lead to overreaction. The aftermath of this is frustration or shame and will result in repression of feelings.

Anger is managed when this happens on a mutual conflict in relationship, while the anger instigated on one person in purpose, then the other person is responsible for this scenario and will require psychological and psychiatric assessment for finding out the reason for their teasing habit.

How do you prepare yourself for anger management?

When you decide to seek help for anger management, you can do adopt one of the following strategies – anger management courses, anger management resources from a counselor, and programs.

People who can help you in finding one of these solutions are:
Your primary doctor can refer you to a counselor
Your friends and family can give you recommendations based on their prior experiences
Your health insurance, employee assistance programs and church can help you or provide you with the same service
Internet search and state or local agencies can recommend
Court and public and private libraries can provide you details on these support groups and resources

Managing your anger:

 Anger management is the process of finding out the reasons for your anger, learning to take actions to resort the reasons emotionally in the first sense, followed by physical dealing of the situation in a very positive manner. This is not holding up your anger for penting up your emotions, and feeling angry has been recognized as a normal and healthy emotional feeling. The most effective way to control your anger is by taking a sincere positive approach with the help of anger management classes or with the help of a professional medical mental health counsellor.

a. Recognizing why you are angry:
The feeling of anger has both positive and negative emotions. When you plan for managing your anger, the first step is to list out and make yourself aware of the positive feelings, for which you will require a second hand.
Some of the strategies to recognize the positive feelings of your anger are:
· Seeking help from a non-contact competitive sport
· Learning relaxation techniques and/or meditation
· Shouting and screaming in a private and quiet place in loneliness to prevent further complications and has been advised for other issues also
· Banging your fists onto your pillow
· Running or dancing until exhaustion

These actions will in the foremost will help you to calm down the instant surge of adrenaline and the rush of energy to fight and will prevent bottling up feelings.

Anger management is like a volcano that can spit lava every now and then in small amounts via weak points easily without the requirement of much pressure to come out from the inner earth. If this does not occur, when the lava forces itself outside, then they build up pressure until there is enough pressure to force themselves outside, which when major natural volcanic calamity occurs.

How to identify the reasons for anger? Simple techniques of paying attention in identifying triggers and the physical and emotional signs will help in identifying and designing the best anger management program for the individual.
Identify the stressors that will trigger or worsen your anger like frustration, children, partner, financial stress and work-place issues.
Physical signs of your feelings of anger will include clenching your fists to control your anger or releasing the energy surge by driving your vehicle fasts. These are only a few examples.
Emotional signs will include like sensations to let out the excess energy or tactics of holding up your emotions.

b. Anger Management:

Therapy and classes for managing your anger will include psychotherapeutic techniques and is done in one-on-one sessions, with partners, children and family members and in groups over a few months or weeks.
The aim of these courses will help you focus on various tasks of management of anger like:
Identify situations that are responsible for triggering those feelings that are non-aggressive initially and then can set you off those aggressive feelings and make you mad.
What triggers illogical thinking that is being blinded by anger and what can correct that.
Keeping yourself calm when you are upset.
Learning to express assertively your feelings that trigger the emotion of anger.
Focus on problem solving and conflict resolution, which relieves and releases the energy surge that comes when you get angry for resolving the situation.

c. Dealing With Situations:

Dealing with those situations that triggers your anger will involve sincere effort and a well-prepared mind to face situations. This will require practice and you should be able to foresee the situations that can trigger anger. This will help you to deal with the situations and not your anger, and makes managing anger much easier.

1. Step One: Make a list of situations that triggers anger in you. You may either note down immediately after you explode your anger out, or get someone to do this for you, or think back about this.
2. Step Two: Ask yourself the following questions:
· How do you make your list more precise?
· Since, you are out of your mind when angry, is the person who is helping you, your friend and relative being reliable or is being factualist and not interpretive?
· How do I keep the situation under control?
· Imagine yourself to be the other person who is your well-wisher and is not getting angry and him/her to be in your shoes; and how you will advice and react.

These two are the most important and the first step that shows that you have decided to manage your anger.

d. Anger Resolution and Not Conflict Resolution:

I will be discussing one of the most popular anger management technique that will be discussed here is the CUDSAIR methods, which was developed by Professor Richard Nelson-Jones. This tells you how to face anger to overcome the habit of getting angry or using angry as an instrument to get things done or using anger as a weapon. This is essential to manage anger for the physical surge that occurs in the course of the expression of the emotion anger, which when controlled and pented up or when this happens quite often is sure to take a toll on your health.

· Confronting that you are angry is the first step to face the problem and not the person or the cause of the trigger. At this instance, this is good to state your emotions and feelings occurring within you. This will vary with every individual.
· Understanding the trigger for anger not only in your shoes, but also in the shoes of the opponent is also important. This is when a third person, a counselor might be able to help, and this is called the process of conflict resolution. Listening to the point of view of both the individuals involved is important. The job of the counselor here will be to find out the differences of opinion.
· One simple solution to these disagreements is to adopt the most popular Australian way of “Agree to Disagree”! Ultimately, you have achieved to define the cause of the problem for your anger. This is technically termed as Defining the problem.
· On identifying the trigger for anger, Search for solutions. Finding solution is different from finding faults and blaming each other. Brainstorming all the possible solutions that you could think of as a counsellor and as victims, tell what you will feel as a just solution to the problem.
· Agreeing to the solution resolved is a difficult job, but is in the hands of the counselor who is handling the case, to be smart enough and tactful to make both them agree mutually to a justful solution that the innocent be not blamed or will be the loser.
· On agreement to a consensus solution to the trigger for the anger, you will start to Implement the solution, and set small targets and bigger goals in resolving the problem and in overcoming the residual anger. One has to note that this is not possible to change emotions unless you realize that you were on the wrong side. However, if you are on the side of righteousness, anger and resentment can only be managed. This is very important to move forward and go ahead in your life, and at the same time, forgetting not to resort the problem rather than live with the problem.
· Reviewing the commitment and keeping track of how both the individuals involved are in the anger management classes doing with the plan designed for them on a case-by-case basis. The counselor will let you both go off happily either until both of you are able to meet each other peacefully or until he/she is happy that you are individually able to tackle your emotions of getting angry. Care has to be taken that overdoing these sessions can in fact trigger anger.

Why do we need to resort to anger management?

Anger can lead to various emotional mishaps to you like, frustrations, hating yourself for not being able to control your feeling, and resentment that you are not being allowed to be yourself and disrupting your peace of mind.

Coping anger well is a learned behavior unlikely to happen owing to frustration. Anger management will teach you how to use those trigger for anger in a way that the very same will work positively for you.

Feeling angry is a normal emotion and if you regret for the emotion triggered in you, then you are a learned human being. However, is best advised not to keep the anger within and try to talk about your anger to someone before these damages relationships. Some of the positive signs that an anger management program or course will work well for you will include:
· Letting out your anger without penting this up! All you will experience is the feeling of holding your angry emotions with no physical and emotional damage.
· Facing frequent argumentative conversations all of a sudden, that will include your partners and family members.
· Breaking law and initiation of physical violence.
· Threat to violence and property.
· Reckless driving and breaking things during an argument.

Benefits of Anger Management:

Well, why should I control my anger? Everyone is quite used to this…but you will find more love and care when you get rid of anger. You will find that you are able to express your resentment and disappointment without getting angry or frustrated.

Managing anger effectively will help you to:
· Argue less so that you will learn to communicate effectively with tactfulness with the happiness of not giving into and at the same time of not letting down your opponent.
· Maintain a healthy lifestyle that you will find avoiding headaches, sleep problems, digestion problems and high blood pressure.
· Depression and development of interpersonal relationship conflicts can be avoided.
· Build confidence and perseverance over your frustrations by taking up the challenge and sorting problems to overcome difficulties.
· Avoiding addictive habits and abuse of substances like alcohol, food and drugs.

Though anger management is a necessary and is something that a learned individual will exhibit, everyone have his or her limitations and threshold level. Keep in mind; this is not fair to test the ability of someone anger management skills.

BBC Health - Coping Anger Management
Anger Management
Mayo Clinic - Anger Management For A Healthy Life

Saturday, 7 November 2015

Shop Green, Consume Less and Save More!!!

I wrote of five day Green Concepts for celebrating Diwali....good on you here I am all set-up in a much better environment to write on having a Greener Diwali!!!

Needless to say, with the very word of Diwali I find the spirits go high in my Hindu friends...there seems to be an adrenaline rush with time nearing Diwali which one can see in the colours, hustle bustle of the crowd in shopping malls, savouries being spicy and sweet tingling tongue to passerby on seeing the busy road-side shops and winter flowers of all kinds drenching the sweaty smell of the crowd.

Here, I am blessed this year to write a few tips on Green Shopping following the Green Concepts that I wrote last year:

For more, click this Green Shopping link from EPA.

A few things to mind while you do your seasonal shopping to make it "Go Green":

1. Carry your bags - jute shopping bags that you can avoid as much plastic bags as you can in all the shops you shop, save on your time, money, luggage and travel.

2. Plan your shopping to the maximum you can - the least anyone can do is to decide to shop which onectge first to begin and finish your day out with where you dine last, your shopping route - not only saves your day and time, but traffic for others.

3. Try to buy stuff that you will need only and are more "green" - like made from natural products, biodegradable and energy efficient.

Happy Go Green Shopping!!!

Wednesday, 16 September 2015

Wood Apple This Vinayagar Chathurthi !!!!!

Well, this seasons time for elephants in the wild and in fences to have their "slurps" and "burps!" after eating the yummy nutritious wood apples.... Piles of wood apples Will be out in the market today for tomorrow and maybe a few more days.

Wood apple are the favourite food of elephants and thus finds a sacred place as offering to Lord Ganesha or Vinayagar. Falling in line with this, I remind you once again of the logo competition conducted globally for a local cause: please check on the post:

"My W(orld) E(nvironment) D(ay)ding Plan for 2015!!! LOGO COMPETITION!!!"

Wood apple is also known as Bel Fruits, Elephant Apples, Monkey Fruits and is botanically known as:  Limonia acidissima. The characteristics of this fruit are:

* Tough brown shells that resembles wood,
* Tasty, pulpy brown pulp with white seeds.

How to eat?

1. Scoop out and eat raw like any other fruit;

2. Scoop out, freeze and eat like ice cream;

3. Wood apple jams;

4. Wood apple milkshakes;

5. Wood apple chutney, and

6. Wood apple leaves are used to make chutney.

Nutritional Value:

They are rich source of vitamins (in specific Vitamin C), tannins, calcium, phosphorous, finer, protein and iron.

As I plan to relish a few wood apple this year, I request you to join my quest to raise funds for these wood apple lovers - temple elephants!

Tuesday, 23 June 2015

A Turkish Delight For Ramadan!!! BAKLAVA!!!

Here is a Turkey Delight that will water your mouth this Ramadan!!! Wonder where I can taste one and share one with memories that are everlasting!!! Well, the sweet is sweet!!! And, that is BAKLAVA!!!

A sweet delight from the Turkey Muslims prepared specially during the Ramadan season using phyllo pastry sheets, filled with sweetened chopped nuts in sugar syrup and baked to ready to eat!!! And to add flavour are lemon juice or spices and honey with or without rosewater…..Baklava is then baked and cut into different shapes to be served as a dessert.

Melts in the mouth when served hot and is all different when served cold with a scoop of ice cream!!! But for Ramadan, is a hot sweet that is more preferred!!!

Well as I read through various resources, I understand the spread of this sweet savoury to Middle East, Arab, Greek and Albania.

There are different varieties of Baklava:
  • Cinnamon and Nuts Baklava
  • Quick Crescent Baklava
  • Easy Baklava
  • Chocolate Baklava
  • Santorini Sublime Baklava
  • Sezak’s Baklava
  • Pistachio Baklava
  • Fig and Cardamom Baklava in Lemon Syrup

A Very simple way to cook Baklava!!!

Prepare the phyllo sheets by spreading them into the baking tray and spreading enough butter. Layer the fillings and top with some more phyllo sheets and alternate with layers or prepare a single layered Baklava!!! Cut them, bake and when hot top with sugar syrup and with desired flavour before serving…after 12 hours…

To add some more info for how Baklava becomes a tradition of Ramadan in Turkey that my colleague shared: A dish that they used to share with poorer Muslims than them in their country when they break the fast by the end of the day with other food prepared to end the fast by dusk….Furthermore she added that she is not thinking that I am poorer than her but is wanting to share her culture of Ramadan to me….


Thursday, 4 June 2015

My W(orld) E(nvironment) D(ay)ding Plan for 2015!!! LOGO COMPETITION!!!

This year World Environment Day (WED) on June 5th, 2015 is going to be a memorable one if you will all co-operate!

I decided that I can move a step ahead by introducing a logo for my community and thought my valuable members and others who are interested can give a helping hand!!!

My WEDding Plan 2015!!!

Anyone interested can join this logo competition!!! Age is not a bar!!!
Create a logo and send a PDF and .JPEG file to and WIN PRIZES!!!
1. Participants need to register their entry with a small fee of Rs. 25/- per entry submitted.
2. Logo file should not be more than  100 KB.
3. Entries should be submitted as PDF and .JPEG files to my email id:
4. Only registered entries will be considered for the prizes.
5. All entries submitted are sole property of this community and cannot be reproduced or submitted elsewhere.
6. Last Date for submitting entry is before 31st December, 2015 before 10:00 PM.
7. Winners will be announced within 7 working days.


Monday, 1 June 2015



HEAT WAVE strikes this year again!!! Heat wave is a prolonged period of extreme heat and humidity that can slow down the metabolism of the body to maintain normal body temperature. Increase in temperature will result in overheating of the body that results in heat-related illnesses. Some of the heat-related illnesses are heat stroke, heat exhaustion, heat cramps, heat syncope (fainting) and heat rash. Of all these, heat stroke is the worst that could collapse people instantly.
Symptoms and Signs of heat related illnesses: Increased body  temperature but not fever, headache, nausea, vomiting, diarrhoea, weakness, lethargy, headache, confusion, fainting, dizziness, muscle cramps, seizures and coma.
Heat Rash: Itchy and prickly skin, a common heat allergic symptom that appears with red bumps on the skin.
Heat Syncope or Fainting: Dizziness and fainting as a result of dehydration, heat and hypotension.
Heat Cramps: Involuntary spasms of the muscles, in general legs with significant sweating.
Heat Exhaustion: Tiredness and profuse sweating due to heat exemplifies as headache, nausea, vomiting and muscle cramps.
Heat Stroke: This is a medical emergency that can collapse individuals and will require immediate attention. Main signs of heat stroke are dizziness, muscle cramps and aches, nausea and vomiting, fatigue, headache or head weight, confusion that finally results in coma when the individual collapses.
Never mind, there are many things that one can do to beat the heat!!! BEAT IT – PREVENT OR TREAT IT!
Heat-related illnesses are more common in children up to four years, aged people above 65 years, overweight people, overexertion due to work and/or exercise, mental illness and in chronically ill patients and under certain medications.
a. Heat Stroke: Immediately shift the patient to cool indoors or shady outdoors to the nearest point and remove restrictive clothing. Blow cool air and shower them with cool water. Wrap in cool sheet and place ice packs in armpits, neck and groin. Keep checking the body temperature until near normal. If the individual is awake provide them with plenty to drink and try mouth feeding. Call doc for medical emergency.
b. Heat Exhaustion: Drink plenty of water, eat few salty snacks, rest in shade, have a cool shower and loosen restrictive clothing.
c. Heat Cramps: Rest in a shady place and drink plenty of fluids like water, fruit juices and isotonic solutions, Good to have something salted. Stretch the muscles and seek medical attention if cramps prolongs.
d. Heat Syncope: Rest in a cool and shady place, stretch and relax and drink plenty of fluids. Will need to seek medical attention if required on repeated fainting episodes.
e. Heat Rash: Wearing loose and cotton clothing, keeping cool to reduce sweating and using powder to dust to prevent sweating and dirt accumulation help to prevent heat rash formation.

Golden Rules During Heat Waves:

1. Try to stay indoors and avoid peak sunlight hours from 10 AM. to 3 PM.

2. Drink plenty of fluids in various forms but cool and reduce caffeine and alcohol; reduce solid food as well.

3. Replenish the minerals in your body using isotonic juices or increasing high-salt food intake.

4. Prefer cotton, white or pale coloured and loose clothing. Use a hat and apply plenty of sunscreen with SPF – 15 or 30 as per the requirement for UV protection (a good one is with moisturiser in specific for tropical climate).

5. Do your chores, jobs and work outside at a slower pace than normal to reduce exertion and energy loss. 

6. EAT SEASONAL FRUITS - The watery ones like melons and citrus to keep you rehydrated!!! DRINK juices, tender coconut, ice-creams than caffeinated and soft drinks!!! 

7. CARRY a bottle of water, if not at least a BOTTLE that could be filled in and on the way!!! - QUENCH your thirst and even better AVOID THIRST!!!

I wish that the next summer will much more enjoyable!!!

Friday, 20 March 2015


Rhinoceros have been one of the oldest species and are endangered in the grim of extinction. There are five extant species of rhino available in the wild, which are:

1. Asian Rhino: a. Javan Rhinoceros (Critically Endangered); b. Sumatran Rhinoceros (Critically Endangered); and c. One-horned or Indian Rhinoceros (Vulnerable)

2. African Rhino: a. White Rhinoceros (Near Threatened) ; and b. Black Rhinoceros (Critically Endangered)

The difference between the Asian and the African Rhino is the absence of teeth in the African Rhino which pluck the leaves (food) using lips. Other food will include fruits, grass and farm crops. The ones that stand out are the Sumatran Rhinos, the smallest of all of them that are dark-red brown with short, stiff and dark-coloured hair.

indian rhino      javan-rhinoceros      sumatran rhino
             Indian Rhinoceros                                      Javan Rhinoceros                                                        Sumatran Rhinoceros

southern white rhino                                                                  black rhino
             White Rhinoceros                                                                                                                            Black Rhinoceros

A general description of any species of the rhinoceros that interests us are their stumpy legs, barrel body with one or two dermal horns (not of bones). Rhinoceros do not attack humans unless instigated and their eyesight is of no use in a fight; however, they have very good sense of smell and hearing. These semi-nocturnal animals sleep by standing or by sitting and love playing in muddy pools and sandy river beds.

What makes Rhino the talk of the town of smugglers especially when banned are their medicinal values and dagger handles. Moreover, Rhino are facing threat to survival for want of habitat, the forests. Thus WWF does their part to conserve Rhino through different programmes like AREAS (Asian Rhino and Elephant Strategy), African Rhino Programme and Wildlife Trade Campaign to create awareness and financial support required for conservation of habitats and the animals.

African Rhinos live for about 35 to 40 years in the grasslands and savannahs with humans as the only predators. They are fast runners galloping at a speed of 30 miles per hour and are strictly herbivores. These thick skinned and small brained animals loves to eat leafy food that could ferment even the usually excreted fibrous materials.

Sunday, 22 February 2015

CyberBullying - A New Leash of Life Thereafter

The increase in the use of technology in today's world has resulted in development of new applications and softwares that could be used for the wellbeing of human kind. However, there is another side in the misuse of technology by nerds. They in pursuit of knowledge and wealth, develop technological applications and softwares for teasing, for fun and for stealing other’s time, knowledge and wealth. All these activities could be grouped as cyberbullying. This has necessitated the need to create awareness against cyberbullying.

Cyberbullying impacts the life of an individual, their family, society and their work life. As an individual, this is very difficult to manage emotions to overcome the cyberbully leading to frustration and affecting the normal work life of the individual. Performance of individuals at work decreases with increasing impact of cyberbullying. Family members who may not be aware and understand cyberbullying will express varying emotions and are prone to fall prey to the temptations of cyberbullies leading to misconceptions and disengagement in family life. This in turn affects the individual leading to disconnected social life like social isolation.

Cyberbullying is a punishable offence across the globe. While this is not legally acceptable as is affecting the normal life of the individual harming them; cyberbully could also lead to criminal activities like personal identity theft of passwords and bank balance. Cyberbully is also against human ethics as is violating the privacy of the individual and disrespecting their emotions by not gaining consent from the concerned individual who are targeted. When a cyber-activity is harming the individual and one's well-being in the society, then cyberbullying turns socially unacceptable as well.

Thus awareness is necessitated to create awareness amongst public from falling prey to cyberbullying and to prevent them from becoming cyberbullies due to ignorance. Owing to the the pacing speed in technological developments the craving for need of power, lust and money, thus increases the chance of cybercrimes and cyberbullies. Cyberbullying thus has the potential to turn into the buzz word in cybercrimes.

PS: This was a short essay prepared for an online course of academic writing from University of Reading, UK

Friday, 20 February 2015

Bharathanatyam Accessories or Jewels–How do I ask?

The classical dance of Tamil Nadu is Bharathanatyam. This elegant dance of various postures which requires the dancers to balance against gravity comes with lot of vivid and bright colours and expensive glittering ornaments. Here is a list of ornaments that a Bharathanatyam dancer will wear;
1. Waist Belt; These are ornaments worn around the waist region and is called ottiyanam. The various varieties are Golden Lakshmi or Temple Lakshmi or Temple round belt.
2. Bangles; These are ornaments worn around the wrist and when they are not of fixed size and is of a constant length is called a bracelet. But for dancers they only wear bangles that are usually gold or gold-plated and studded with stones, gems and pearls.
3. Arm Band; These are ornaments worn on the arms and could be worn directly or is tied around the arms. They come in metal which is much more traditional and stiff than the pearl studded ones that are generally tied around the arms. They are also called vanki  or bajuband.
4. Neck Ornaments; Generally there are two types of neck ornaments – long chain and choker or necklaces. The long chain usually comes with a pendant and is a chain or is a kaasu mala or other such mala in which many small pendants like gold coins or other designs are threaded together on a gold or silver thread.
5. Ear Ornaments: There are two things worn by dancers in their ears. They are the chain that lifts and bears the weight of the ear droppings or stud. The ear droppings or stud is usually made of colourful stones, gems or pearls and is either flat (mattal) or round (jimikki).
6. Nose Rings and Nose Studs: Nose rings and nose studs are small ornaments worn in the nose together by the dancers. Generally dancers will prefer two nose rings than a nose stud (mukutthi). Nose rings could be worn in the side (valayam) or in the center (nath bullaku, which is more commonly worn).
7. Hair and Head Ornaments: The various ornaments of the hair will include the set braid adorned with ornaments. The end of the braid is tied with a decorative bun called kunjalam, which is heavier and keeps the hair and head straight and a wave while dancing. The braid is decored with braid billai, a circular to different shaped ornaments of varying size (big to small from the top to bottom).
Head ornaments will include those that decorate the forehead and the front of the head. the come as a single strand with a pendant or with many pendants (called step) or in three chains (one to the back of the head, two to both the sides) with a pendant in the front. This ornament is called netrichudi or head band (Indian). This ornament comes with a pair of head pins that could be worn in the gaps of the front head, nearly seven inches apart – one in circular head pin called the chandra, worn on the right and the other a semi circular head pin called the surya, worn on the left.
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The final piece of head ornament is the bun ornament called rakodi. These are big round stone or gem studded grandly designed bun pins that cover the tangles and holds the bun tight.
8. Ankle Bell: These are ornaments adorned in the legs that makes noise because of the big brass bells stitched to clothe or velvet pad or a leather pad. They make noises in synchronisation to the music and rhythm of the dancer’s movements. They are called gunghroo or salangai.
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Thus these are the various ornaments that are adorned by Bharathanatyam dancers and find below a display of antique piece of bharathanatyam ornamental set.